Roland Scholz

Roland Werner Scholz (* 15. April 1950 in Halle (Saale)) ist ein deutscher Mathematiker und Psychologe, sowie emeritierter Professor der ETH Zürich.

Scholz studierte Mathematik in Marburg (mit dem Diplom 1976) and Psychologie in Mannheim, wo er 1979 in Sozialpsychologie promovierte und sich 1987 in kognitiver Psychologie habilitierte. Er wechselte in den 1980er Jahren aus der Grundlagenforschung in die Umweltwissenschaften. Scholz war 1993 bis 2012 Inhaber eines Lehrstuhls für Umweltwissenschaften (Schnittfeld von Natur- und Sozialwissenschaften) an der ETH Zürich. Nach seiner Emeritierung 2013 an der ETH Zürich ist er Privatdozent an der Universität Zürich für Psychologie und an der School of Public Leadership, University of Stellenbosch (Südafrika). Von 2013 bis 2014 war er Projektleiter an dem im Aufbau befindlichen Institute for Material Recycling and Resources Strategies (IWKS, Alzenau, Deutschland) der Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft. In den Jahren 2001/2002 war er König Carl XVI Gustaf Professor an der Chalmers University of Technology (Schweden). Scholz war zudem Gastprofessor oder Gastwissenschaftler an den Universitäten MIT Cambridge, Harvard, Carnegie Mellon Pittsburgh (USA), Leuphana Universität Lüneburg (Deutschland), Graz and BOKU Wien (Österreich), sowie der Universität Göteburg.
Scholz ist Senior Advisor am Fraunhofer-Institut für Grenzflächen- und Bioverfahrenstechnik IGB (Stuttgart, Deutschland), als ausserordentlicher Professor an der Fakultät für Ökonomie und Management, University of Stellenbosch (Südafrika) und als Privatdozent für Psychologie an der Universität Zürich affiliiert.
Scholz befasste sich mit Spieltheorie und Entscheidungstheorie, Systemanalyse und Umwelt-Modellierung und Risikoabschätzung, speziell in Fragen von ökologisch nachhaltigen Systemübergängen (urbane und regionale Systeme, Organisationen, Entscheidungsprozesse).
Er ist einer der Pioniere und Entwickler der transdisziplinären Forschung. Seit 1993 führte er jährlich tranzdisziplinäre Projekte zur nachhaltigen Transformation von urbanen und ländlichen Systemen, wirtschaftlicher Organisationen und politischen Prozessen durch. Er war wissenschaftlicher Ko-Leiter des Global TraPs Projekt, dem ersten globalen transdisziplinären Projekt, welches sich mit nachhaltigem Phosphormanagement beschäftigt.
Scholz hat als (Mit-)Autor oder Herausgeber an mehr als 40 wissenschaftliche Bücher und war (Ko-)Autor von mehr als 400 wissenschaftlichen Artikeln. Diese wissenschaftliche Beiträge sind in den letzten Jahren vor allem den Umweltwissenschaften, Nachhaltigkeitswissenschaften zuzuordnen. Scholz publizierte aber auch Arbeiten in der Risiko- und Entscheidungsforschung, den Gesundheitswissenschaften, in Bereichen der Psychologie, der Ökonomie und Organisationswissenschaften, sowie in der Didaktik der Mathematik.

Animals.

Animals. is an American animated comedy television series created by Phil Matarese and Mike Luciano. The first two episodes were independently produced and presented at the Sundance Film Festival in January 2015. In May 2015, HBO picked the series up with a two-season order, which premiered February 5, 2016.

Each episode features a different cast of special guests besides creators Matarese and Luciano. The show primarily features retroscripting, improvised dialogue based on plot outlines.
Two rats named Mike and Phil attend a party where it is discovered that Phil has never made babies. Meanwhile two police horses, voiced by Paul Scheer and Matt Walsh, discuss a friend who has become a race horse; also two bed bugs voiced by Mark Duplass and Rob Corddry, move into the mayor’s pubic hair and talk about one of their divorce and subsequent midlife crisis.
A golf ball is hit into the nest of a sleeping male pigeon named Phil, who believes the ball to be an egg he has laid in the middle of the night. He joins his friend Mike and Mike’s wife Megan to their son Jacob’s Little Flyers Club where Mike is challenged to race to the Green Lady with the Ice Cream Thingy by Jerry, a pigeon from New Jersey, voiced by Nick Kroll. Meanwhile two caterpillars named Alan and Brian, voiced by Ike Barinholtz and Zach Woods respectively, deal with one of their metamorphosis.
Two sibling cats, Mike and Phil, discuss their plans for the day when they are interrupted by an alley cat at the window named Alex, voice by Eric André. Mike and Phil let Alex in to use the kitty litter and give him a tour of their apartment where he steals various things. Meanwhile a goose named Shane, voiced by Adam Scott, explores Central Park and meets a swan named Olivia, voiced by Molly Shannon, who is led to believe that Shane is a Black Swan. His secret is found out later at a club and has to come clean.
A Papillon named Phil is taken to a dog park, which is viewed as a prison by the dogs in it. Phil is challenged to a showdown by a poodle named Angela, voiced by Chelsea Peretti. Phil and a pug named Mike plan an escape to avoid the showdown. Meanwhile, a secret is revealed among four dogs being walked also; two dogs, Rusty and Princess meet on a first date, voiced by Kumail Nanjiani and Ellie Kemper, respectively.
The first season has received mixed reviews from critics. It holds a 57% “Rotten” rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, based on 14 reviews, with an average of 6.3/10. The critical consensus reads : “While the humor is uneven and the characters verge on obnoxious, Animals compensates with its straightforward approach and wacky social commentary.” On Metacritic, the series holds a rating of 54 out of 100, based on 12 critics, indicating “mixed or average reviews”. Maureen Ryan of Variety gave the first season a negative review, writing, “The animated HBO show has a lot in common with programs like Girls, Louie and Baskets, and like Togetherness, it boasts Mark and Jay Duplass as executive producers. But the extraordinarily tedious Animals, unlike those shows, fails to hit any of its chosen targets. It is unfunny, its animation is unexceptional and the studied banality of its dialogue is excruciating.”

Spatiotemporal pattern

Spatialtemporal patterns are patterns that occur in a wide range of natural phenoma and are characterized by a spatial and a temporal patterning. The general rules of pattern formation hold. In contrast to “static”, pure spatial patterns, the full complexity of spatiotemporal patterns can only be recognized over time. Any kind of traveling wave is a good example of a spatiotemporal pattern. Besides the shape and amplitude of the wave (spatial part), its time-varying position (and possibly shape) in space is an essential part of the entire pattern.

The distinction between spatial and spatio-temporal patterns in nature is not clear-cut because a static, invariable pattern will never occur in the strict sense. Even rock formations will slowly change on a time-scale of 10,000s up millions of years, therefore the distinction lies in the time scale of change in relation to human experience. Already the snapshot state of a dune will usually be taken as an example of a purely spatial pattern although this is clearly not the case. It is thus apt to say that spatiotemporal patterns in nature are the rule rather than the exception.
Many hydrodynamical systems show s.t. pattern formation:
Any type of reaction-diffusion system that produces spatial patterns will also, due to the time-dependency of both reactions and diffusion, produce spatiotemporal patterns.
Neural networks, both artificial and natural, produce a virtually unbounded variety of s.t. patterns, both in sensory perception, learning, thinking and reasoning as well as in spontaneous activity. It has for example been demonstrated that spiral waves, signatures of many excitable systems can occur in neocortical preparations.
All communication, language, relies on spatiotemporal encoding of information, producing and transmitting sound variations or any type of signal i.e. single building blocks of information that are varied over time. -Even though written language appears to exist only as a (2D) spatial concatenation of letters – strings, it must be decoded sequentially over time. Any kind of language that is understood by organisms is thus eventually a transcoding of neural s.t. signals and will – in successful communication – evoke similar patterns of neural activity in the recipient as they existed in the sender. For example, the warning call of a bird when it perceives a predator will produce a similar type and degree of alarmedness (eventually a certain kind of neural activity pattern) in other individuals even though they have not yet seen or heard the potential attacker.
Even artificial languages, e.g. computer languages, are not read and interpreted in one step, but sequentially, thus, their meaningfully arranged vocabulary (e.g. “computer code”) can be seen as a s.t. pattern.
As a particular type of language, the “static” (neglecting random transcription errors, recombination and mutation) DNA and its transcription pattern over time yields biologically essential s.t. patterns. Gene regulatory networks are responsible for regulation of the time course of transcription and thus the gene/protein expression levels which can be analyzed using expression profiling.

Flyin’ the Koop

Flyin’ the Koop is the second solo album by New Orleans drummer Stanton Moore. The album includes funk, rock and jazz. Moore’s line-up for Flyin’ the Koop is in part a combination of musicians with whom he played at a “SuperJam” at Tipitina’s during Jazz Fest 2000.
Moore’s concept for the album “was to have two saxes, bass and drums, and to improvise over loops…” building the tracks upon rhythm. Melodies then developed through improvisation and composition by the saxophonists. Also, some tracks were written before the session. “Amy’s Lament” was a Moore instrumental that he envisioned as a contemporary twist on a New Orleans dirge; it is named after Moore’s first wife.[citation needed] “Magnolia Triangle” is a classic New Orleans composition in 5/4 meter from famed New Orleans drummer and composer James Black. “Let’s Go” and “Hunch” are both contributions from the writing team of Charlie Dennard and Brian Seeger who were half of Moore’s working band at the time, “Moore and More”. The track “For the Record” is a composition by Seeger written specifically for this session.
On Flyin’ the Koop Moore played vintage Gretsch drums with an 18-inch bass drum. Wood plays upright and Hoffner bass. Many fans speculated at first that the name of the solo album implied that Moore could be leaving his band Galactic. Moore explained that the metaphor which regarded “freeing yourself from the limitations” of music styles was combined with the location of the recording studio being on a former chicken farm in Cotati, California.

Heilbronner Hohenloher Haller Nahverkehr

Der Heilbronner Hohenloher Haller Nahverkehr (HNV, auch H3NV) ist ein Verkehrsverbund auf dem Gebiet der kreisfreien Stadt Heilbronn, dem Landkreis Heilbronn und dem Hohenlohekreis. Des Weiteren gibt es tarifliche Überlappungsgebiete in die Landkreise Schwäbisch Hall, Main-Tauber, Rhein-Neckar, Ludwigsburg und in den Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis.

Der HNV entstand am 1. Januar 1997 als Heilbronner Verkehrsverbund für die Stadt und den Landkreis Heilbronn mit dem Ziel eines einheitlichen Tarifs für Bahn, Bus und die einzuführende Stadtbahn. Dem HNV vorausgegangen sind lokale Tarifgemeinschaften verschiedener Verkehrsunternehmen (z.B. Zügel / RBS / Bahn im Weinsberger Tal). Tarifliche Übergangszonen mit den Nachbarverbünden NVH, VRN, KVV und VVS wurden nach und nach realisiert, am bedeutendsten ist der Überlappungsbereich mit dem VRN für den Grenzverkehr nach Sinsheim, Mosbach und Osterburken.
Am 1. April 2005 entstand der neue HNV mit dem Kernbereich aus dem alten Heilbronner Verkehrsverbund (HNV) und dem Nahverkehr Hohenlohekreis unter Einbeziehung von Teilen des KreisVerkehr Schwäbisch Hall. Zur Vermarktung wird vor allem vonseiten der neuen Partner auch die Abkürzung H3NV benutzt. Es sind 20 Verkehrsunternehmen am Verbund beteiligt, die 160 Bus- und Bahnlinien im HNV bedienen. 2007 wurden etwa 45,9 Mio. Personen befördert. Die Fahrgeldeinnahmen beliefen sich 2006 auf 32,3 Mio. €. Gesellschafter der Verbund GmbH sind die kreisfreie Stadt Heilbronn und alle Landkreise, über die sich der Tarif erstreckt (Ausnahme: Landkreis Main-Tauber). Aufsichtsratsvorsitzender ist Landrat Helmut Jahn (Hohenlohekreis).
Seit dem 26. September 1999 wird das Verbundgebiet durch eine Stadtbahn der AVG erschlossen. Sie fuhr zunächst von Karlsruhe kommend über Eppingen bis zum Heilbronner Hauptbahnhof. Ab Juli 2001 durchquerte sie die Heilbronner Innenstadt und wurde zum 10. Dezember 2005 bis nach Öhringen erweitert. Deshalb wurde auch die tarifliche Integration des Hohenlohekreises in den HNV notwendig. Beide Maßnahmen führten auf der Relation Heilbronn–Öhringen zu einer Fahrgaststeigerung. In den kommenden Jahren soll durch den Aufbau weiterer Linien ein eigenständiges Stadtbahnnetz Heilbronn entstehen.
Das Gebiet des Verkehrsverbundes grenzt an den Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Neckar, in den auch die Verkehrsgemeinschaft Main-Tauber integriert ist, an den Verkehrsverbund KreisVerkehr Schwäbisch Hall, an den Verkehrs- und Tarifverbund Stuttgart und den Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund.
Einer zukünftigen schrittweisen Anpassung der Tarife von HNV und Kreisverkehr Schwäbisch Hall soll eine Vollintegration des Kreisverkehrs Schwäbisch Hall nachfolgen.
Der Hohenlohekreis, die Stadt Heilbronn und der Landkreis Heilbronn halten jeweils 32,5 % des Stammkapitals von 158.500 €. Der Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis und der Rhein-Neckar-Kreis halten jeweils 0,5 % des Stammkapitals, der Landkreis Schwäbisch Hall 1,5 %.
Der Heilbronner Hohenloher Haller Nahverkehr betreibt vier sogenannte KundenCenter in Heilbronn, in Künzelsau (mit dem NVH), in Schwäbisch Hall (mit dem Kreisverkehr) und in Öhringen (mit der Mobilitätszentrale Mobiz).
Bodensee-Oberschwaben | Calw | Donau-Iller | Filsland Mobilitätsverbund | Freiburg | Freudenstadt | Hegau-Bodensee | Heidenheim | Heilbronn Hohenlohe Hall | Karlsruhe | Lörrach | Neckar-Alb-Donau | Ortenau | Ostalb | Pforzheim-Enzkreis | Rhein-Neckar | Rottweil | Schwäbisch Hall | Schwarzwald-Baar | Stauferkreis | Stuttgart | Tuttlingen | Waldshut

Terre de Milne

Géolocalisation sur la carte : Groenland
La Terre de Milne est une île de l’est du Groenland.

Avec une superficie de 3 913 km2, la Terre de Milne est la troisième plus grande île du Groenland, après l’île principale et l’île Disko. Elle mesure 113 km de long entre Moræne Pynt au sud-ouest et Bregnepynt au nord-est, et jusqu’à 45 km de large.
L’île fait partie d’un archipel qui inclut Storø au sud-ouest, Ujuaakajiip Nunaa au sud-est et Bjørne Øer au nord-est. Elle est séparée de la péninsule Renland au nord par l’Øfjord (6 à 10 km de large), de la péninsule Gåseland au sud par le Gåseland (4 à 6 km de large) et du reste du Groenland à l’ouest par le Rødefjord (4 à 14 km de large). À l’est, la terre de Jameson est distante de 40 km, séparée de la terre de Milne par le Scoresby Sund.
La Terre de Milne est inhabitée. Le plus proche village est Ittoqqortoormiit, sur la terre de Jameson.
L’île porte le nom de l’amiral britannique David Milne (1763-1845), nom donné par le capitaine William Scoresby qui lors d’un voyage en 1822, observa et référença avec une précision remarquable 400 miles de la côte orientale du Groenland.

Krzyż Milenijny w Zagórzu

Krzyż Milenijny w Zagórzu − pomnik w postaci krzyża, znajdujący się w Zagórzu.
Został ustanowiony w 2000 dla upamiętnienia Wielkiego Jubileuszu Roku 2000. Jego waga wynosi 45 ton, ma wysokość 16 m, rozpiętość ramion 3,2 m. Został umieszczony na szczycie wzniesienia, z którego rozciąga się widok na Stary Zagórz.
Na froncie krzyża została umieszczona tablica pamiątkowa z inskrypcją: W roku wielkiego jubileuszu 2000-lecia narodzin Chrystusa, w 250-tą rocznicę powstania parafii w Zagórzu, w roku konsekracji kościoła w Nowym Zagórzu wierni zagórskich parafii. Zagórz 11 XI 2000r.
27 kwietnia 2010 w Zagórzu z inicjatywy ks. Eugeniusza Dryniaka odbyła się uroczystość zasadzenia dębów pamięci koło Krzyża Milenijnego. W ten sposób uhonorowano trzech zagórzan-ofiary zbrodni katyńskiej; byli to: pułk. Wawrzyniec Łobaczewski, ppor. Jerzy Franciszek Albert i ppor. Zbigniew Wyskiel.
W przeszłości nieopodal na wzgórzu od 1933 istniał krzyż postawiony w rocznicę odzyskania niepodległości w 1918, który został zniszczony podczas II wojny światowej.

Wilshire Center, Los Angeles

Wilshire Center is a business improvement district and residential area in the Mid-Wilshire neighborhood of Central Los Angeles, California.

Wilshire Center is bounded by Third Street on the north, Alvarado Street on the east, San Marino Street on the south and Wilton Place on the west. Services provided by the business improvement district are limited to the area between Wilton Place, Hoover Street, Third Street and Eighth Street. As defined by the Los Angeles Department of City Planning, Wilshire Community Plan, adopted September 19, 2001, Wilshire Center “is generally bounded by 3rd Street on the north, 8th Street on the south, Hoover Street on the east, and Wilton Place on the west”, and Koreatown “is generally bounded by Eighth Street on the north, Twelfth Street on the south, Western Avenue on the west, and continues east towards Vermont Avenue.”[citation needed]
In 2001, Gary Russell, executive director of the Wilshire Center Improvement District, said: “Nobody called this Mid-Wilshire until some of the commercial real estate brokers started using that name somewhere around the 1980s,” he said.
Wilshire Center is served by city buses, including several Rapid lines, and three subway stations along Wilshire Boulevard. The Metro Purple Line, which begins at Union Station in Downtown Los Angeles, has stations at Vermont, Normandie and Western Avenues, where it terminates (an extension of the Purple Line subway along Wilshire blvd to Westwood/UCLA has been approved and is scheduled to be completed in stages thru 2020) The Vermont station is also a stop on the Metro Red Line, which continues north through Hollywood to North Hollywood.
Wilshire Boulevard is named for Henry Gaylord Wilshire–a millionaire who in 1895 began developing a 35-acre (140,000 m2) parcel stretching westward from Westlake Park (MacArthur Park) for an elite residential subdivision. A socialist, Wilshire donated to the city a strip of land for a boulevard on the conditions that it would be named for him and ban public transit, railroad lines, and commercial or industrial trucking and freight trains.
A Los Angeles Times overview of the area referred to “the corridor’s former glory as a haven for blue-chip corporations and fine shopping.”
In the early 1900s, steam-driven motorcars started sharing Wilshire Boulevard with horse-drawn carriages. At the turn of the century, Germain Pellissier raised sheep and barley between Normandie and Western Avenues. Reuben Schmidt purchased land east of Normandie for his dairy farm.
In the mid-1990s, it had a reputation for “crime and grime,” and many businesses had left the area, but by 2001 it had recovered. The Los Angeles Times noted that: “Another sign of the district’s popularity emerged this summer with the opening of a plush, $35-million spa, mall and golf complex called Aroma Wilshire Center just east of Western Avenue that caters to the city’s affluent Korean population, many of them entrepreneurs who own businesses in the area.”
The Wilshire Center Business Improvement District – WCBID was formed in 1995 as one of the first business improvement districts in Los Angeles.
Distinguished high-rise apartment buildings and hotels were erected along Wilshire Boulevard. The lavish Ambassador Hotel was built in 1921 on 23 acres (93,000 m2) of the former site of Reuben Schmidt’s dairy farm. In approximately 1929, the Academy Awards ceremony was moved from the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel to the Ambassador Hotel. It closed in 1989 and, despite efforts of historic preservationists, has been demolished. The site is owned by the Los Angeles Unified School District, which in 2010 opened the Robert F. Kennedy Community Schools and a small park on the site. It is the most expensive public school in the United States.
The area nearby became the site of elegant New York-style apartment buildings such as the Asbury, the Langham, the Fox Normandie, the Picadilly, the Talmadge (after Norma Talmadge), the Gaylord, and the Windsor. Many film stars lived in these buildings.
A recent building boom has increased the supply of apartments and condominiums in the area, and older office buildings have been converted into apartments and condos. Large apartment buildings have been constructed at the Metro stops at Wilshire/Western and Wilshire/Vermont.
Gloria Swanson’s husband, Herbert Somborn, opened the Brown Derby Restaurant, a hat-shaped building at Wilshire and Alexandria, in 1926. The hat now sits on top of a restaurant in a mini-mall.
In 1929, the elegant Art-Deco Bullocks Wilshire was built at Wilshire and Westmoreland as the city’s first branch department store in the suburbs. It closed in 1993 and now houses the library of Southwestern Law School.
A section of Germain Pellessier’s sheep farm became the site of the Pellessier Building and Wiltern Theatre, which began construction at the corner of Wilshire and Western in 1929. The theater, operated by Warner Brothers, opened in 1931.
In 1929, the Chapman Market drew motorcars to the world’s first drive-through grocery store at Sixth St and Alexandria.
The San Francisco based I. Magnin opened a store in 1939 at Wilshire and New Hampshire.
In 2001, David Y. Lee was the largest landlord in the district, owning 20 buildings comprising about 7 million square feet of space in Mid-Wilshire and three buildings in nearby Park Mile.
In 1952, on the driving range on the south side of Wilshire between Mariposa and Normandie, the first three 12-story Tishman Plaza buildings were built in 1952 (they’re now known as Central Plaza), designed by Claude Beelman.
Insurance companies began locating their West Coast headquarters in Wilshire Center because of tax incentives provided by the State. Some 22 high-rise office buildings were erected on Wilshire Boulevard from 1966 to 1976 to provide office space for such companies as Getty Oil Co., Ahmanson Financial Co., Beneficial Standard Life Insurance, Wausau, and Equitable Life Insurance. The Chapman Park Hotel, built in 1936, was torn down to make way for the 34-story Equitable Plaza office building erected in 1969. By 1970, firms such as CNA, Pacific Indemnity, and Pierce National Life were starting construction of their own high-rise buildings. Southwestern University School of Law moved from its downtown location of 50 years to a four-story campus just south of Wilshire Boulevard on Westmoreland in 1973.
In the 1970s and 1980s, commerce moved to the city’s less congested Westside as well as the San Fernando Valley, and businesses and affluent residents eventually followed. I. Magnin closed, while Bullocks Wilshire held out until 1993. Rental rates in office buildings plummeted from an average of $1.65/sq ft to a dollar between 1991 and 1996; property values dropped from a high of $120/sq ft to $30 or $40 per foot in 1998.[citation needed]
Wilshire Center lost most of its remaining original glitter following the 1992 Los Angeles riots and the 1994 Northridge earthquake.
Subsequently, the Wilshire Center Streetscape Project used federal funds to rejuvenate Wilshire Boulevard. It was one of the most ambitious and significant urban rehabilitation projects found anywhere in America and in 1999 was awarded the Lady Bird Johnson Award from The National Arbor Day Foundation. New buildings include the Aroma Center on Wilshire, which is topped by a large digital billboard, and a modern retail building facing 6th Street on the former parking lot of the Equitable Building.
Wilshire Christian Church was the first church on Wilshire Boulevard in 1911. The church property at Wilshire and Normandie was donated by the Chapman Brothers, owners of Chapman Market, whose historic building remains nearby on Sixth Street.
Some of the buildings are:
Wilshire Center is zoned to the Los Angeles Unified School District. All areas are zoned to Los Angeles High School.
Schools include:
Private schools include Wilshire Private School Wilshire Private School (a K-6 academy sponsored by the Korean Institute of Southern California) about 2 miles (3.2 km) west on the western border of Hancock Park.
The Pio Pico-Koreatown branch of the Los Angeles Public Library is located at 7th and Oxford Streets.
A new facility and parking structure of the YMCA of Metropolitan Los Angeles is under construction at Third and Oxford Streets (September 2013). The Anderson-Munger Family YMCA was scheduled to open in 2014.
There are no city parks or community gardens in Wilshire Center, and only small parks in the surrounding communities. This is one of the most ‘park-poor’ areas of the city.[citation needed]

Greater Brunswick Charter School

Greater Brunswick Charter School (GBCS) is a free, public charter school serving grades kindergarten through eighth located on 429 Joyce Kilmer Avenue in New Brunswick, New Jersey. The school has a Spanish-English bilingual program for grades K-4, and has plans to extend it through grade five.

The school opened in the 1998-99 school year. In 2004, it purchased its current building, formerly a bowling alley, with the help of a $500,000 government grant and a $2.5 million loan from New Jersey Community Capital and the Community Redevelopment Fund.
Over the summer of 2010, the charter school expanded, creating over a dozen classrooms and a larger gymnasium out of warehouse space in the building. The funding for this was secured by the nonprofit organization Build With Purpose (then known as READS). For a year prior to this expansion, the school’s middle school and one fifth grade classroom had been housed across the street from the school building. The following year, a playground was added, with assistance from KaBOOM!.
As of the 2013-14 school year, 382 students were enrolled at the school. 70.4% were Hispanic, 19.4% were black, 8.1% were white, and 1.8% were Asian. 63.4% of the students were eligible for a free or reduced-price lunch. 55.2% of students primarily spoke Spanish and 44.8% primarily spoke English at home. The school has a student:teacher ratio of 15:1. GBCS will accept students from any district in New Jersey, although it gives preference to those from Edison, New Brunswick, and Highland Park.
Core members of the school administration include Donna Medea, the education director; Vanessa Jones, the assistant education director; and Gregory Ramero, the supervisor of instruction.
Coordinates: 40°28′44″N 74°27′46″W / 40.47884°N 74.46284°W / 40.47884; -74.46284

Ramminger Sandgrube

Die Ramminger Sandgrube ist ein künstlicher Aufschluss nahe Rammingen im Alb-Donau-Kreis in Baden-Württemberg, in dem früher Bausand abgebaut wurde. Der nur schwach verfestigte Sandstein entstand vor etwa 20 bis 15 Millionen Jahren im Miozän, als das Molassemeer unter anderem Oberschwaben und einen Teil der Schwäbischen Alb bedeckte.
Die Sandgrube wird unter der Bezeichnung Aufgelassene Sandgrube Sandäcker von der Landesanstalt für Umwelt, Messungen und Naturschutz Baden-Württemberg als geschütztes Geotop geführt.
In der Nordwand der ehemaligen Sandgrube ist ein zirka fünf Meter mächtiges Profil der Oberen Meeresmolasse (OMM) aufgeschlossen. Es handelt sich um meist karbonatisch zementierte, überwiegend geringverfestigte Sandsteine, die kleine Gerölle und Muschelschill enthalten. Stellenweise ist deutlich Schrägschichtung erkennbar. An identifizierbaren Fossilien treten vor allem Überreste von meeresbewohnenden Weichtieren auf, in erster Linie Austern der Art Crassostrea giengensis sowie Turmschnecken und Herzmuscheln. Neben den Schrägschichtungsstrukturen sind im Aufschluss auch Kreuzschichtungen zu finden. Diese entstehen durch wechselnde Strömungsrichtungen des Meerwassers, wie sie beispielsweise in Wattgebieten aufgrund des Gezeitenrhythmus auftreten.
Die rostbraunen Streifen, die stellenweise im Sandstein sichtbar sind, werden als „Liesegangsche Bänder“ bezeichnet. Sie zeichnen die sedimentäre Schichtung nach und akzentuieren sie optisch. Entstanden sind sie jedoch erst nachdem sich der Sandstein abgelagert hatte (vergleiche hierzu: Liesegangsche Ringe). Dies kann daran festgemacht werden, dass in einigen Fällen die Färbung bei mehreren unmittelbar übereinander liegenden Schichten lateral (seitlich) abrupt aussetzt. Ein solches Phänomen kann unmöglich durch Sedimentationsvorgänge entstehen. Die Liesegangschen Bänder bildeten sich durch Ausfällung von im Porenwasser gelöstem Eisen, das aus den darüberliegenden Gesteinsschichten ausgewaschen wurde. Die Grenze zwischen „gefärbtem“ und „ungefärbtem“ Gestein wird Ausfällungsfront genannt.
48.52619410.163211Koordinaten: 48° 31′ 34″ N, 10° 9′ 48″ O

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