Free Patriotic Movement

The Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) (Arabic: التيار الوطني الحر‎‎, at-Tayyār al-Waṭanī al-Horr), also known as the Aounist party (Arabic: التيار العوني‎‎, at-Tayyār awne), is a Lebanese political party, led by Gebran Bassil. It is the second largest party in Lebanon’s parliament (after the Future Movement) and the largest Christian party. It has 20 out of the 128 seats in parliament (of which 64 seats represent Christians).

The FPM is the main party of the March 8 Alliance, which includes Amal (13 seats) and Hezbollah (12 seats), as well as seven other minor parliamentary parties (who between them have 16 seats).

The FPM party promotes the rights of Lebanese expatriate and a relatively high minimum wage. The party’s support base is overwhelmingly from Lebanon’s Christian community, but includes a small number of Shia Muslims. A central figure in the movement is General Michel Aoun. The party’s leader is Minister Gebran Bassil.

For many years, while Aoun was exiled in Paris, he led the FPM from abroad. He returned to Lebanon on 7 May 2005 after the Cedar Revolution forced the withdrawal of the Syrian forces, and then contested the legislative elections held in late May in early June although it placed him on the head of the largest Christian group of deputies. Therefore, the Free Patriotic Movement was established in 2005.

Aoun also contested the Cedar Revolution which itself gave him the opportunity to come back to Lebanon.

At the time of the 2005 elections, the FPM came up with a detailed political program which contained economic and political reform plans and gained the support of many Lebanese Christians. The FPM won 21 seats in the parliament, and formed the second biggest bloc in the Lebanese Parliament. Being the leading Christian bloc after the election, it joined the March 8 Alliance.

In 2006, the FPM signed a memorandum of understanding with Hezbollah organizing their relation and discussing Hezbollah’s disarmament, given some conditions what is tenderizer. The second and third conditions for disarmament were the return of Lebanese prisoners from Israeli jails and the elaboration of a defense strategy to protect Lebanon from the Israeli threat. The agreement also discussed the importance of having normal diplomatic relations with Syria and the request for information about the Lebanese political prisoners in Syria and the return of all political prisoners and diaspora in Israel.

On 1 December 2006, Free Patriotic Movement leader Michel Aoun declared to a crowd of protesters that the current government of Lebanon was unconstitutional, claiming that the government had “made corruption a daily affair” and called for the resignation on the government. Hundred of thousands of supporters of this party, Amal Movement, and Hezbollah, according to the Internal Security Forces (ISF), gathered at Downtown Beirut trying to force Fouad Siniora to abdicate.

On 11 July 2008, FPM members, Issam Abu Jamra as deputy-prime minister, Gebran Bassil as minister of telecommunications, and Mario Aoun as minister of social affairs were appointed to the cabinet Paul Frank Skirts Women. It was the Movement’s first participation in the Lebanese Government.

Despite the strong media and political war against the Free Patriotic Movement, the results of the 2009 Elections granted the FPM 27 parliamentary seats. The FPM’s bloc is the second largest in the Lebanese parliament. The FPM gained 7 more seats than in the 2005 elections, earning at least triple the number of deputies of any other Christian-based bloc in the parliament due to geographical distribution. The total seats won were 57 out of 128, which led to a defeat for the FPM.

In November 2009, the Free Patriotic Movement nominated five ministers to join the first government headed by Saad Hariri. The five ministers included:

The Free Patriotic Movement launched its own broadcasting channel (OTV) on 20 July 2007, and their own radio station called Sawt Al Mada (English:Voice of Scope) on 1 June 2009.

In June 2011, the Change and Reform bloc led by Aoun nominated eleven ministers to join the second government headed by Najib Mikati, gaining more than double the share they had in the former government The eleven ministers are:

Ministers with Portfolios:

Ministers without Portfolios:

In February 2014, the Change and Reform bloc led by Michel Aoun nominated four ministers to join the national unity government headed by Prime Minister Tammam Salam. The Free Patriotic Movement had two ministers:

On 17 August 2015, Minister Gebran Bassil was chosen by General Michel Aoun as the new leader for the Free Patriotic Movement. No elections were done because it could have possibly led to fracturing the party, and so Alain Aoun stepped down from candidacy in order for Bassil to be assigned as the new leader. On February 28, the party elected his political bureau members: Mireille Aoun, Naji Hayek, Jimmy Jabbour, Rindala Jabbour, Naaman Mrad, Ziad Najjar.

Lebanese Forces (LF) leader Samir Geagea and Free Patriotic Movement (FPM) Founder MP Michel Aoun turned a historic page in intra-Christian relations when the former March 14 presidential nominee officially endorsed on Monday Aoun’s candidacy for the presidency.

“I announce after long consideration, discussions and deliberations between members of the executive body of the Lebanese Forces, our endorsement of the candidacy of [former] General Michel Aoun for the presidency,” Geagea said in joint news conference with his March 8 rival.

Speaking from the LF’s headquarters in Maarab where he had met with Aoun shortly before the news conference, Geagea read a 10-point understanding that summarized the key points of the Declaration of Intent struck between the LF and FPM in June.

The commitment to the implementation of the Taif Accord, the need to stop the flow of arms and militants across the Lebanese-Syrian border in both directions cheap reusable water bottles, the ratification of a new electoral law and compliance with international resolutions were among the key points agreed upon between the LF and FPM, Geagea said.

As he read the key points of his understanding with Aoun, Geagea paused for a moment to tell joke. With humor, the LF leader asked Aoun to urge his son-in-law Foreign Minister Gebran Bassil to act in accordance with the sixth point of their agreement.

Geagea was referring to his understanding with the Former general over “the need to adopt an independent foreign policy that guarantees Lebanon’s interests and complies with international law.”

For his part, Aoun thanked Geagea for his support and said he would extend his hands to all political parties.

Geagea’s official endorsement of Aoun’s nomination would provide a significant boost for the former general’s presidential bid but it remains unclear how the Future Movement would react to this initiative.

Before his arrival to the LF’s headquarters, Aoun met with Maronite Patriarch BecharaRai running belt, who has repeatedly voiced his support for initiatives aimed at breaking the presidential deadlock.

“We came to inform the patriarch of the agreement,” Aoun said from the seat of the Maronite church.

Earlier in the day, Rai had met with former Prime Minister and head of the Future Movement parliamentary bloc Fouad Siniora. Following his meeting with the patriarch, Siniora stressed the need to elect a president who enjoys the support of all Lebanese factions.

“We have to work hard to elect a person who can unite all Lebanese people from all political affiliations and promote coexistence among them,” said Siniora.

Geagea’s endorsement of Aoun is the first time the country’s two leading Christian parties have come together on such a pivotal issue after decades of animosity.

Geagea, the former March 14 presidential candidate, was caught by surprise when his ally Future Movement leader and former Prime Minister Saad Hariri reportedly nominated Marada Movement Chief Suleiman Franjieh for the presidency.

Geagea has staunchly opposed the deal, which stirred up controversy both within the March 8 and 14 camps.

Aoun, on the other hand, had shown no signs of giving up his presidential ambitions in favor of Franjieh, a longtime ally of Hezbollah and a member of Aoun’s reform and Change parliamentary bloc.

For weeks Hezbollah remained silent over Hariri’s proposed settlement, as Franjieh sought to win the support of its allies.

Hezbollah finally broke its media silence Dec. 29, 2015, and reaffirmed its support for Aoun’s presidential bid.

In the first official statement since Hariri’s initiative emerged, Hezbollah’s Politburo Chief Sayyed Ibrahim Amin al-Sayyed announced from the seat of the Maronite patriarchate that his party is committed to supporting the presidential bid of its ally Aoun.

Aoun and Geagea kicked off talks a year ago. The talks culminated in a Declaration of Intent that paved the way for a surprise visit by Geagea to Aoun’s residence in Rabieh in June.

The Declaration of Intent has since brought Aoun and Geagea closer together, putting an end to the bitter rivalry between the Christian leaders who fought a devastating war in 1990.

On 31 October 2016, General Michel Aoun was elected by the Lebanese parliament as Lebanon’s President, ending a 29-month presidential vacuum.

14 Andromedae

Coordinate: Carta celeste

14 Andromedae, chiamata anche Veritate, è una stella gigante gialla di magnitudine 5,22 situata nella costellazione di Andromeda. Dista 249 anni luce dal sistema solare e, nel 2008, è stato scoperto un pianeta gioviano orbitante attorno ad essa.

Si tratta di una stella situata nell’emisfero celeste boreale. La sua posizione moderatamente boreale fa sì che questa stella sia osservabile specialmente dall’emisfero nord, in cui si mostra alta nel cielo nella fascia temperata; dall’emisfero australe la sua osservazione risulta invece più penalizzata, specialmente al di fuori della sua fascia tropicale. La sua magnitudine pari a 5,2 fa sì che possa essere scorta solo con un cielo sufficientemente libero dagli effetti dell’inquinamento luminoso.

Il periodo migliore per la sua osservazione nel cielo serale ricade nei mesi compresi fra fine agosto e dicembre remington bikini shaver; nell’emisfero nord è visibile anche fino alla metà dell’inverno, grazie alla declinazione boreale della stella thermos insulated bottle, mentre nell’emisfero sud può essere osservata limitatamente durante i mesi della primavera australe.

La stella è una gigante giallo-arancione di tipo spettrale classificato da G8 (Simbad) a K0III; la sua massa è 2,2 volte quella del Sole mentre il raggio è 11 volte superiore. Possiede una magnitudine assoluta di 0,8 e la sua velocità radiale negativa indica che la stella si sta avvicinando al sistema solare.

Nel 2008 è stato scoperto un pianeta, 14 Andromedae b, orbitante attorno alla stella con un massa superiore alle 4,8 masse gioviane. Si tratta quasi certamente di un gigante gassoso, la sua orbita lo pone a circa 0,83 U.A. di distanza dalla stella madre, mentre il periodo orbitale è di 186 giorni led running belt.

Amaldus Nielsen

Amaldus Clarin Nielsen (* 23. Mai 1838 in Mandal; † 10. Dezember 1932 in Oslo) war ein norwegischer Maler.

Er ist vor allem für seine akkuraten wie stimmungsvollen Ölgemälde südnorwegischer Landschaften bekannt. In Skandinavien wird er häufig als „Der Küstenmaler“ (kystens maler) oder „Der Maler der Region Sørland“ (Sørlandets maler) bezeichnet dortmund football shirt. Er gilt zudem als erster norwegischer Landschaftsmaler des Realismus, der konsequent draußen, direkt in der Natur, und stark an natürlichen Gegebenheiten orientiert malte und damit der „künstlichen“, nationalromantischen Strömung seiner Zeit entgegenstand. Sein Schaffen, insbesondere die vielen Meeresmotive, sind geprägt durch natürliche Farbgebung, hohe Detailtreue und intensives Lichtspiel.

Amaldus Nielsen wurde als Sohn des Schiffers und Kaufmanns Niels Nielsen und dessen Frau Andrea Marie in Mandal, der südlichsten Stadt Norwegens, geboren, wo er auch seine Kindheit verbrachte. Von 1854 bis 1856 studierte er an der Königlich Dänischen Kunstakademie in Kopenhagen. Anschließend ging er – wie auch andere norwegische Maler seiner Generation – von 1857 bis 1859 zu Hans Gude an die Kunstakademie Düsseldorf (siehe auch: Düsseldorfer Malerschule) und war dann zehn Jahre später an der Kunstakademie in Karlsruhe erneut Gudes Schüler. Gemeinsam mit Adolph Tidemand war Gude Hauptvertreter der „Norwegischen Romantik“. In der Ausbildung verfeinerte Amaldus Nielsen vor allem seine Technik – der motivischen Schule der Romantik war er hingegen kaum verbunden.

Als einer der ersten blieb er nach seiner Ausbildung nicht in Deutschland, sondern kehrte nach Norwegen zurück, um sich dort von seiner Kunst zu ernähren. Er unternahm vielfältige Reisen, vorwiegend durch Norwegen, unter anderem aber auch nach Spanien, wo er in Cádiz für einige Zeit besonders die Lichtreflexion im Wasser studierte.

1868 heiratete er Johanne Nicoline Augusta Vangensten. 1869 zog die junge Familie in den Stadtteil Majorstua von Christiania buy football socks online, wie Oslo damals noch hieß. Das später „Amaldhus“ genannte Haus, Majorstuveien 8 (Hegdehaugen), blieb bis zu seinem Tod Wohnsitz der Familie Nielsen; später wohnte dort Thor Heyerdahl.

1886 starben Nielsens Frau und drei der gemeinsamen elf Kinder bei einer Diphtherieepidemie. Im Alter von 50 Jahren heiratete Amaldus Nielsen 1888 seine zweite Frau Ambor Laura Møller Tandberg.

Später gab er das Reisen weitgehend auf und konzentrierte sein Schaffen auf Weiterentwicklungen früherer Motive und Bilder der näheren Umgebung. 1932 starb er im Alter von 94 Jahren in Oslo.

Als Landschaftsmaler beschäftigte sich Nielsen vor allem mit der Darstellung der ihm seit seiner Kindheit gut bekannten, heimischen Skagerrakküste, zeichnete und malte aber auch Fjorde und allgemeine Meeres- bzw. Küstenmotive. Seine Stärke waren extrem breitformatige Landschaften, die trotz vereinzelter Figuren und Boote einsam wirken und eine unübertroffene Ruhe ausstrahlen. Nur ein geringer, vorwiegend in späteren Jahren entstandener Teil von Amaldus Nielsens Werken zeigt Menschen oder städtische Motive als wesentliche Bildbestandteile.

Seit Nielsens Familie 1933, ein Jahr nach seinem Tod, den Großteil der Sammlung der Stadt Oslo gespendet hatte, besitzt das kommunale Stenersen-Museum mit gut 300 Gemälden und 100 Zeichnungen aus den Jahren 1856 bis 1932 die umfangreichste Sammlung seiner Werke. Das Museum in Nielsens Geburtsort Mandal kann mit weiteren 130 Werken aufwarten, davon werden über 70 im Rahmen der Dauerausstellung gezeigt. Einzelne Werke sind zudem in Kristiansand im Sørlandets Kunstmuseum, in Museen in Bergen und Trondheim sowie in der Norwegischen Nationalgalerie in Oslo zu sehen.

Nielsens bekanntestes Gemälde ist das 1885 fertiggestellte Morgen ved Ny-Hellesund (der Ort gehört zu Søgne), das in der norwegischen Nationalgalerie gezeigt wird running belt phone. Das auch Morgen i Ny-Hellesund genannte Motiv hat Nielsen über die Jahre immer wieder in unterschiedlichen Versionen gemalt. Ebenfalls zu den bekannteren Werken gehören Aften ved Fredrikstad von 1909 und Hodnestranden von 1914; letzteres befindet sich in der Storebrand-Kunstsammlung in Oslo.

Morgen ved Ny-Hellesund (1885)

Ænes ved Hardangerfjord (1886)

Aftenstemning over havet (1897)

Aften ved Frederiksstad (1909)

Sven Lampell

Sven Hjalmar Lampell (18 December 1920 – 28 June 2007) was a Swedish Air Force officer .

Lampell was born in Södertälje, Sweden, the son of the merchant Hjalmar Lampell and his wife Tyra (née Berglund). He became an officer in 1943, and was promoted to second lieutenant in 1943, captain in 1954, major in 1956 and to lieutenant colonel in the Swedish Air Force in 1961. He was chief of flight operations at F 18 Tullinge from 1956 to 1960 and chief of staff at the Third Air Command (E 3) in 1960 and was serving with the United Nations in the Congo from 1961 to 1962 and in 1963.

During the Congo Crisis from 1961 to 1963 he was Chief Fighter Operations Officer of the Swedish UN-unit 22 U.N. Fighter Squadron (F 22). Lampell was promoted to colonel in 1965 and served in the Red Cross as a part of the Biafran airlift in Biafra from 1968 to 1969 where he organized aid flights into the encircled and starving population during the Nigerian Civil War. The sight of the starving children affected him strongly and became a turning point in his life.

He served in the Red Cross in East Pakistan and Bangladesh from 1971 to 1972 and was wing commander at F 15 Söderhamn from 1965 to 1972. He left F 15 Söderhamn and the Air Force in 1972 for a position as Chief Delegate at the International Red Cross in Geneva. The years serving in the Red Cross also involved missions in Jordan, Ethiopia, South Vietnam, Western Sahara, Somalia and Afghanistan.

Lampell was a consultant and pilot during the filming of The Yellow Division (1954) and in the film he made, among other things, a looping around the Västerbron’s bridge arch vault with a Saab 91 Safir. In the early 1960s, he led the acclaimed exhibition group Acro Hunters razor for clothes. In addition to his military career, he was also an elite swimmer and world champion in aeronautical pentathlon.

In 1944 Lampell married the actress Eva Dahlbeck. He was the father of Tomas (born 1944) and Magnus (born 1959). Lampell died on 28 June 2007 in Hässelby, Stockholm 7on7 football jerseys,

XENON Dark Matter Search Experiment

Lo XENON Dark Matter Search Experiment (“Esperimento XENON di ricerca della materia oscura“) è un esperimento teso a realizzare un rilevatore di materia oscura che utilizza xeno liquido come materiale bersaglio che possa interagire con particelle massicce poco interagenti (Weakly interacting massive particles, WIMPs) football tops online. La sperimentazione è guidata da Elena Aprile, professore di astrofisica presso la Columbia University.

Un rilevatore con 15 kg di xeno liquido stainless steel water bottle price, è stato installato presso i Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso go glass bottle, in Italia toddler sports bottle, nel marzo 2006 ed ha operato alla ricerca di WIMP fino all’ottobre 2007. Non sono state rilevate tracce di interazione con WIMP, i limiti della sezione d’urto WIMP-nucleone scendono fino a 10−43cm2 per una WIMP di massa di 30 GeV/c2.

L’attuale (2012) fase dell’esperimento, XENON100, sempre presso i Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, impiega 150 kg di xeno liquido. Ci si attende di aumentare la sensibilità dell’esperimento di 50 volte rispetto al precedente.

Tra gli istituti che partecipano a XENON100 si annoverano:


Teresa Teng

Teresa Teng Li Chun (cinese tradizionale: 鄧麗君; cinese semplificato: 邓丽君; pinyin: Dèng Lìjūn; Wade-Giles: Teng Li-chun; POJ: Tēng Lē-kun; giapponese katakana: テレサ・テン; Baozhong, 29 gennaio 1953 – Chiang Mai, 8 maggio 1995) è stata una cantante e attrice taiwanese di notevole successo nazionale ed internazionale.

Le sue canzoni mantengono a tutt’oggi[quando?] una grande popolarità tra gli ascoltatori di Corea, Giappone, Thailandia, Vietnam, Malesia ed Indonesia, oltre che nei luoghi sinofoni, tanto che è nato il detto “Ovunque ci sia gente cinese, possono essere ascoltate le canzoni di Teresa Teng”.

La cantante era principalmente conosciuta per le sue canzoni dal sapore folk e per le sue ballad romantiche, tre le quali le più popolari di sempre sono When Will You Return? (何日君再來) e The Moon Represents My Heart (月亮代表我的心). Le sue canzoni non erano cantate solo nel nativo cinese, ma anche in lingue quali minnan taiwanese, cantonese, giapponese, vietnamita, indonesiano ed inglese.

Teresa è morta nel 1995, all’età di 42 anni, a causa di un grave attacco respiratorio mentre era in vacanza in Thailandia, dopo aver sofferto di asma lungo tutto il corso della sua vita.

Teresa Teng è nata a Baozhong, cittadina rurale della contea taiwanese di Yunlin, da una famiglia originaria della regione cinese dello Hebei. Ha studiato alla scuola superiore femminile Ginling. Sin da piccola, ha iniziato a partecipare a competizioni canore, per le quali ha vinto anche dei premi, tuttavia il suo primo premio importante risale al 1964, quando ha cantato la canzone Visiting Yingtai, tratta dal film del genere opera Huangmei The Love Eterne (梁山伯與祝英台), dello Studio Shaw. Avendo partecipato ad una competizione ospitata dalla Broadcasting Corporation of China, Teresa è stata presto in grado di supportare economicamente la sua famiglia grazie alla propria musica. Solo con il permesso del padre, la giovane cantante abbandonò gli studi superiori per dedicarsi a tempo pieno alla musica come professione.

Il suo stile canoro riusciva ad unire semplicità e sincerità. Yeh Yueh-Yu, professore di Teoria Culturale della University of Southern California, ha fatto un intervento su di lei, affermando: “È stata la dolcezza nella sua voce che l’ha resa famosa. Aveva una voce perfetta per canzoni folk e ballate, ed aggiungeva un pizzico di stile folk tradizionale a composizioni in stile occidentale”. La sua voce è stata descritta quasi “come piangente e supplichevole, tuttavia forte, capace di coinvolgere ed ipnotizzare gli ascoltatori”. Il compositore Tsuo Hung-yun l’ha descritta come “per sette parti dolcezza, per tre parti lacrime”.

Teresa ottenne il primo assaggio di fama nel 1968, quando si esibì in un popolare programma musicale taiwanese ed ottenne quindi un contratto discografico. Negli anni immediatamente successivi, pubblicò diversi album sotto l’etichetta discografica Life Records. Nel 1973 tentò di sfondare nel mercato musicale del Giappone, cantando con l’etichetta giapponese Polydor e partecipando al Kōhaku Uta Gassen, una competizione canora della durata di un anno. Tra tutti meat tenderizer philippines, la cantante fu nominata “Miglior Star Canora Esordiente”. Dopo il successo iniziale in Giappone Teresa cantò diverse canzoni in lingua giapponese, tra cui anche alcune hit originali del calibro di Give Yourself to the Sands of Time (時の流れに身をまかせ Toki no Nagare ni Mi wo Makase?), che solo successivamente fu cantata come cover in cinese da lei stessa con il titolo di I Only Care about you (我只在乎你).

Nel 1974, divenne una hit in Giappone la canzone Airport (空港). Teresa rimase popolare nel paese del sol levante, nonostante nel 1979 fosse stata bandita per aver usato un falso passaporto indonesiano, che aveva acquistato al prezzo di 20.000$. Pare che il sotterfugio si fosse reso necessario a causa di una rottura dei rapporti tra Cina e Giappone, avvenuta poco dopo la proclamazione della Repubblica Popolare Cinese a discapito della Repubblica di Cina come rappresentanza ufficiale della Cina nelle Nazioni Unite.

Negli anni ’70, dopo il suo debutto giapponese, la popolarità di Teresa Teng ebbe un boom internazionale, favorito anche dall’uso di lingue quali cantonese, giapponese ed inglese nelle sue canzoni, oltre al nativo cinese. Ottenne fama, infatti, anche in paesi quali Malesia ed Indonesia, e nella madrepatria Taiwan era conosciuta, oltre che come cantante più popolare del momento, anche come “rubacuori di soldati”, in quanto teneva spesso concerti per gli ufficiali di stanza nell’isola. Provenendo ella stessa da una famiglia piena di militari, Teresa riuscì a combinare bene gli stili musicali tra pop e folk nativo di Taiwan, in modo da renderla fruibile non solo per gli aborigeni di Taiwan, ma anche per i cinesi rifugiatisi nell’isola dopo la guerra civile cinese tra PCC e Kuomintang.

A causa delle continue tensioni politiche tra il governo di Taiwan e quello della Cina continentale, la sua musica fu interdetta da quest’ultimo per diversi anni all’inizio del decennio del 1980, insieme a quella di quasi tutti gli altri cantanti di Taiwan ed Hong Kong, poiché considerata troppo “borghese”. Tuttavia, grazie al mercato nero, la sua popolarità in Cina non decrebbe, ed anzi le sue canzoni continuarono ad essere suonate ovunque, sia nei night club che negli stessi uffici governativi, tanto che il divieto fu presto rimosso. Avendo lo stesso cognome del leader del governo Deng Xiaoping, Teresa fu soprannominata “Piccola Deng”, e diede adito alla creazione di un detto secondo il quale “durante il giorno, Deng Xiaoping governa la Cina. Ma di notte, è Teresa Teng che regna”.

Alla fine del contratto con la Polydor giapponese, nel 1981, Teresa firmò con l’etichetta Taurus Records, e nel 1983 fece ritorno in Giappone con successo. Nel 1984 la Taurus pubblicò il suo album più venduto ed acclamato da critica e pubblico, Light Exquisite Feeling (淡淡幽情). Esso conteneva dodici canzoni adattate da poesie di epoca Tang e Song, abbinate ad una musica composta dagli scrittori dei suoi primi successi, che univa stili moderni e tradizionali dell’oriente, ma anche dell’occidente. Il singolo più venduto dell’album finora è Wishing We Last Forever (但願人長久). Il numero di singoli pubblicati negli anni tra il 1984 e il 1989 hanno reso questi ultimi “gli anni d’oro di Teresa Teng”, fu infatti anche in questo periodo che vinse, per quattro anni consecutivi, il premio “All-Japan Record”, segnando un record.

Nel 1989, Teresa cantò a Parigi come portavoce degli studenti che stavano in quel momenti effettuando la protesta di piazza Tiananmen, proclamando così il proprio supporto alla democrazia. Il 27 maggio 1989, più di 30.000 persone assistettero al concerto intitolato Democratic songs dedicated to China (民主歌聲獻中華, Canzoni democratiche dedicate alla Cina), tenutosi all’Happy Valley Racecourse di Hong Kong. Uno dei momenti salienti del concerto è stato l’esecuzione di Teresa di My Home Is on the Other Side of the Mountain.

Durante il corso della sua carriera, Teresa Teng si è esibita in innumerevoli paesi in tutto il mondo, tuttavia non ha mai realizzato la speranza di poter cantare nella patria dei suoi antenati, la Cina propriamente detta. Solo negli anni ’90 il Partito Comunista Cinese la invitò a farlo, ma lei morì prima che l’esibizione fosse organizzata.

L’8 maggio 1995, Teresa Teng è morta all’età di 42 anni (43, secondo il metodo cinese di considerare l’età) a Chiang Mai, Thailandia, a causa di un gravissimo attacco d’asma. Aveva sofferto di tale malattia durante tutta la sua età adulta. A Taiwan le fu concesso un funerale di stato, con tanto di bandiera della Repubblica di Cina drappeggiata sulla bara e la partecipazione, tra i migliaia di fan presenti al funerale, dell’allora presidente di governo Lee Teng-hui.

Fu seppellita sul versante di una montagna al Chin Pao San, cimitero del distretto di Jinshan nella Contea di Taipei, situata a nord dell’isola. Il sito della tomba presenta una statua della cantante, accompagnata da una grande tastiera di pianoforte elettronica installata a terra, che i visitatori possono “suonare” camminandoci sopra. La tomba è visitatissima dai fan della cantante, contro le più classiche usanze della cultura cinese di evitare i luoghi dove riposano i morti.

Una casa, da lei acquistata nel 1986 a Hong Kong Carmel Street 18, è divenuta meta di pellegrinaggio dei suoi ammiratori poco dopo la morte. Nel 2002 fu resa nota l’intenzione di vendere la casa per finanziare un museo a Shanghai. La vendita fruttò 32 milioni di dollari di Hong Kong. La casa chiuse al pubblico il 29 gennaio 2004, in quello che sarebbe stato il cinquantunesimo compleanno della cantante scomparsa.

Per commemorare il decimo anniversario della sua morte, la Teresa Teng Culture and Education Foundation ha lanciato una campagna intitolata “Feel Teresa Teng” che promuoveva, oltre ad un concerto in memoriam ad Hong Kong e Taiwan, un pellegrinaggio dei fan fino al suo santuario al cimitero Chin Pao San. Inoltre, alcuni dei suoi vestiti, gioielli ed oggetti personali sono stati riuniti in una mostra allo , un parco artistico appena fuori Guilin, in Cina.

A maggio del 2002, è stata svelata al Madame Tussauds di Hong Kong la statua di cera di Teresa Teng.

Teresa Teng ha ricevuto un certo numero di premi in Giappone:

CMLL World Lightweight Championship

The CMLL World Lightweight Championship (Spanish: Campeonato Mundial de Peso Ligero del CMLL) is a professional wrestling world championship promoted by the Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL), a Mexican Lucha Libre wrestling promotion (franchise). Originally CMLL promoted the “Super Lightweight” division as part of their expansion into Japan in 1999 and 2000 and later reintroduced the division in 2003, at the same time they were running a CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship in Mexico. During Máscara Dorada’s reign between 2009 and 2011, the name was changed to the CMLL Lightweight Championship, adjusting the weight limit.

Dragon Lee is the current CMLL World Lightweight Champion after his defeat of Kamaitachi on March 4, 2016. He is a two-time champion and the 15th overall champion. The first CMLL Japan Super Lightweight Champion was Masato Yakushiji, who won it on February 27, 1999. The belt that represents the championship is the original one used in Japan in 1999 and 2000 and has not been updated to reflect the change in weight divisions. As it is a professional wrestling championship, it is won not by actual competition, but by a scripted ending to a match.

Lucha libre, or professional wrestling, is a form of entertainment where matches are presented as being competitive, but the outcome of the matches are pre-determined by the promoters of the matches. As part of presenting lucha libre as a genuine combat sport, promoters create championships that are used in the storylines presented on their shows, they are not won as result of genuinely competitive matches. The championship is represented by a belt for the champion to wear before or after a match.

The Mexican professional wrestling promotion Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL; “World Wrestling Council”) introduced the CMLL Japan Super Lightweight Championship in 1999 and later renamed it the CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship in 2003. Mexican regulations define several weight classes, owing to its amateur wrestling roots. The official definition of the “Super Lightweight” in Mexico is a person who weights between 70 kg (150 lb) and 73 kg (161 lb). In 2011 CMLL decided to change the weight class, changing the name to the “CMLL World Lightweight Championship. In lucha libre the Lightweight division is for competitors who weigh between 63 kg (139 lb) and 70 kg (150 lb). CMLL has at times ignored official the weight limit, giving the championship to heavier wrestlers, for example, Dragon Lee who was billed as weighing 76 kg (168 lb) when he won the championship. All championship matches promoted in Mexico take place under best two-out-of-three falls rules. On occasion, single-fall title matches have taken place, especially when promoting CMLL title matches in Japan, conforming to the traditions of the local promotion.

In 1999 CMLL began to tour Japan, promoting a series of wrestling shows under the name “CMLL Japan”. The shows featured a mixture of CMLL and Japanese wrestlers. On February 27, 1999, CMLL held a one-night tournament to determine who would be the inagual CMLL Japan Super Lightweight Champion, marking the first time in the history of CMLL that they used a championship specifically for that weight class. The tournament finale saw the Japanese Masato Yakushiji defeat CMLL wrestler Rencor Latino to become the first champion. The following year, CMLL promoted additional shows in Japan, during which CMLL wrestler Virus won the championship from Yakushiji. Virus and Ricky Marvin, a Mexican who was working for Japanese promotions at the time, exchanged the title in the fall of 2000. The last title match between the two took place in Acapulco, Guerrero, Mexico, after CMLL’s last tour of Japan. The championship was discontinued by the end of 2000, as CMLL stopped promoting shows in Japan.

In 2003, CMLL reinstated the super lightweight championship after a series of well-received matches between the Southern California team the Havana Brothers (Havana Brothers I, Havana Brother II and Havana Brother III) and the CMLL team of Ricky Marvin, Virus, and Volador Jr. CMLL announced they were establishing the CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship, elevating the championship from a regional to a “World” level championship. CMLL held a torneo cibernetico elimination match, which included the Havana Brothers, Sangre Azteca, Ricky Marvin, Virus, Volador Jr., Super Comando, Loco Max, Tigre Blanco, Neutro and Sombra de Plata. Havana Brother I won the tournament—and thus the championship—by eliminating Volador Jr. A few months later, Virus defeated Havana Brother I for the championship, after which the Havana Brothers stopped working for CMLL.

In subsequent years, the championship was not defended, nor referred to by CMLL. In 2004 Havana Brother I returned to CMLL, this time working without a mask under the name Rocky Romero. CMLL openly acknowledged that Romero had previously worked as “Havana Brother I” and was a former champion as part of a buildup to a championship rematch between Romero and Virus. Romero became a two-time champion on December 10, 2004, but stopped working for CMLL shortly after the match. CMLL made no attempts to get the championship back from Romero at that time. Romero would on occasion defend the super lightweight championship on the Southern California independent circuit. In 2005, he lost the championship to Tommy Williams in a match that received no mainstream coverage; the title change was only reported on after the fact. Romero regained the title from Tommy Williams and only defended it once after winning it, on a New Japan Pro Wrestling Dojo show in California. When Romero returned to CMLL in 2008, it was as an enmascarado (masked character) called “Grey Shadow”, with no public acknowledgment of his history with CMLL as he never wore nor defended the championship.

The CMLL World Super Lightweight Championship was not officially declared vacant until Romero left CMLL to work for their rival AAA. CMLL held a tournament to crown a new champion, and on April 7, 2009, Máscara Dorada won a torneo cibernetico elimination match for the super lightweight championship. During Máscara Dorada’s reign, the weight class was adjusted from the “Super Lightweight” to simply the “Lightweight” division, expanding the official weight limit of the championship. In 2011 Máscara Dorada vacated the championship when he announced that he was moving up to the middleweight division instead. Virus became a four-time champion on June 7, 2011, after defeating Guerrero Maya Jr. in the finals of a tournament, making him the only wrestler to have held all three versions of the championship. His fourth reign lasted from June 2011 to April 5, 2015 where he lost the championship to Dragon Lee electric depiller. On January 23, 2016 Dragon Lee defended the championship on the 2016 Fantastica Mania tour of Japan, marking the first time since 2000 that the championship was defended in Japan. The following day Dragon Lee’s first reign came to an end as he lost the championship to Kamaitachi on the final day of the Fantastica Mania tour. 40 days after winning the championship from Dragon Lee, Kamaitachi lost the championship back to Dragon Lee on March 4, 2016 during CMLL’s weekly Super Viernes show.

Dragon Lee is the current champion in his second reign, having defeated Kamaitachi on March 4, 2016 healthy water bottles bpa free, to win the title. Eight different wrestlers have held the championship for fifteen reigns in total. Virus holds the record for most reigns, with four: two in Japan and two in Mexico. He held the title for a total of 2,046 days, more than any other champion, and his fourth reign lasted 1,398 days, the longest individual reign. Ricky Marvin had the shortest individual reign, lasting somewhere between 1 day and 32 days. The belt that represents the championship has not been updated since the days of the CMLL Japan Super Lightweight Championship; the face plate still reads “Super Ligero” as well as “Japan”.

Wire (logiciel)

Wire est un client de messagerie instantanée chiffré et multiplateforme créé par Wire Swiss (en). Il est disponible sur iOS, Android, Linux, Windows, macOS et sur navigateurs Web. Il utilise Internet pour passer des appels vocaux et vidéo, envoyer des textos, des fichiers, des images, des vidéos, des fichiers audio et des dessins de l’utilisateur en fonction des clients utilisés. Il peut être utilisé sur n’importe lequel des clients disponibles et requiert un numéro de téléphone ou une adresse de courriel pour s’inscrire. Il est hébergé au sein de l’Union européenne et protégé par les lois européennes.

De nombreux employés travaillant pour Wire ont travaillé auparavant avec Skype ; le projet est soutenu par le co-fondateur de Skype Janus Friis. La qualité audio est un des principaux arguments de vente de Wire.

Wire Swiss GmbH a lancé application Wire le 3 décembre 2014. Peu de temps après son lancement, la compagnie a retiré une déclaration de son site web selon laquelle les messages et l’historique des conversations de l’application ne pouvaient être lus que par les participants des conversations. En aout 2015, la compagnie a ajouté des appels de groupe à son application. De son lancement jusqu’en mars 2016, les messages de Wire étaient chiffrés seulement entre le client et le serveur de l’entreprise. En mars 2016, la compagnie a ajouté le chiffrement de bout-en-bout de sa messagerie, ainsi qu’une fonctionnalité d’appels vidéo. Wire Swiss GmbH a publié le code source des applications client de Wire sous licence GPLv3 en juillet 2016. La compagnie a également publié un certain nombre de restrictions qui s’appliquent aux utilisateurs qui ont compilé leurs propres applications. Entre autres choses, ils ne peuvent pas changer la façon dont les applications se connectent et interagissent avec les serveurs centralisés de la compagnie tenderize a steak.

Wire permet aux utilisateurs d’échanger des messages textuels, vocaux, des photos, des vidéos et de la musique. L’application prend également en charge les appels de groupe.

L’application permet les appels de groupe avec jusqu’à cinq participants. Une fonctionnalité stéréo place les participants dans un « espace virtuel » de sorte que les utilisateurs peuvent percevoir de quelle direction proviennent les voix. L’application s’adapte à différentes conditions de réseau.

L’application prend en charge l’échange d’animation GIF jusqu’à 5 Mo par le biais d’une intégration à une société appelée GIPHY. Les versions iOS et Android incluent aussi une fonctionnalité qui permet aux utilisateurs de dessiner une esquisse dans une conversation ou une photo. YouTube, SoundCloud, Spotify et Vimeo intégrations permettent aux utilisateurs de partager de la musique et des vidéos dans les discussions.

Wire est disponible sous application mobile, de bureau et sur la Toile. Le service web est appelé Wire for Web. L’activité de Wire est synchronisée sur iOS, Android et web applications. La version de bureau prend en charge le partage d’écran.

Wire comprend également une fonctionnalité de messagerie éphémère best insulated water bottle stainless steel.

Wire assure de bout en bout le chiffrement de ses messages instantanés. Les messages instantanés de Wire sont chiffrés via Proteus, un protocole de Wire Swiss développé sur la base du protocole de Signal

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Real Madrid Club de Fútbol Home JESE 20 Jerseys



. Les appels audio de Wire sont chiffrés avec les protocoles DTLS et SRTP, et de ses appels vidéo avec le protocole RTP. En outre, la communication client-serveur est protégé par le protocole Transport Layer Security.

En mai 2017, Motherboard a publié un article disant que les serveurs de Wire sur les serveurs « gardent une liste de tous les utilisateurs qu’un client a contactés jusqu’à ce qu’il supprime son compte ». Wire Swiss a confirmé que la déclaration était exacte, en disant qu’ils gardent les données afin d’« aider à la synchronisation des conversations entre plusieurs appareils », et qu’« il se pourrait qu’ils changent d’approche dans le futur ».

En décembre 2016, le livre blanc de Wire a été examiné par un chercheur en sécurité de l’Université de Waterloo, dans l’Ontario. Le chercheur fait l’éloge Wire pour son approche de la sécurité, mais a relevé de graves problèmes qui restent à régler. Parmi eux, une attaque de l’homme du milieu sur les communications vocales et vidéo, de possibles fuites audio et vidéo en fonction de paramètres codec indéterminés, le fait que tous les mots de passe des utilisateurs sont téléversés  vers les serveurs de Wire stainless steel water bottle online, une importante surface d’attaque pour le code de remplacement dans le client de bureau et le fait que le serveur n’est pas open-source. Le chercheur décrit la sécurité de Wire comme faible par rapport à celle de Signal, mais a également qualifié ses problèmes comme surmontables. Les développeurs de Wire ont annoncé l’ajout de l’authentification de bout-en-bout aux appels de Wire le 14 mars 2017, et ont commencé à ouvrir le code du serveur de Wire le 7 avril 2017.

Le 9 février 2017, Kudelski Security et X41 D-Sec ont publié un examen conjoint de l’implémentation du protocole de messagerie chiffrée de Wire. Des problèmes non critiques ont été trouvés qui ont le potentiel de mener à une dégradation du niveau de sécurité. L’examen a révélé que « des clés publiques invalides pouvaient être transmises et traitées sans générer d’erreur ». Le rapport a également recommandé que d’autres améliorations en matière de sécurité soient mises en œuvre pour répondre aux risques de sécurité des fils de discussion et les données sensibles en mémoire. Les développeurs de Wire ont dit que « les problèmes qui ont été découverts au cours de l’examen ont été corrigés et déployés sur iOS et Android. Le déploiement est en cours pour la version web de Wire et les applications de bureau ».

Wire Swiss GmbH reçoit le soutien financier d’une société appelée Iconical. Selon un article publié par Reuters, Wire Swiss n’a pas révélé combien il a reçu de financement et doit encore trouver un modèle économique viable. En mars 2016, le président exécutif de Wire Janus Friis a dit à Bloomberg que la compagnie « ne créera jamais de modèle économique basé sur la publicité », mais « pourrait facturer certains services premium dans le futur ».



Ranakpur (Hindi: रणकपुर, Raṇakpur) ist ein kleiner Ort im Distrikt Pali im indischen Bundesstaat Rajasthan. Er ist wegen der dort gelegenen Tempelgruppe aus dem 15. Jahrhundert, der wohl größten und am üppigsten ausgeschmückten Tempelanlage der Jainas in Indien bekannt.

Ranakpur liegt auf einer Höhe von 486 Metern abgelegen in einem waldreichen Tal im Westen der Aravallibergkette zehn Kilometer südlich der Kleinstadt Sadri auf einer Linie zwischen Jodhpur und Udaipur

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United States Away BECKERMAN 15 Jerseys



, 96 Kilometer von letzterer Stadt nach Norden. Die nächste Bahnstation ist Falna Junction etwa 30 Kilometer westlich. Durch seine touristische Anziehungskraft verfügt der Ort über einige Hotels und als bedeutendes Pilgerziel für Jainas über entsprechende Unterkünfte. Touristisch bekannter ist die Dilwara-Tempelgruppe, die ab dem 11. Jahrhundert auf der Spitze des 1300 Meter hohen Mount Abu im Südteil der Aravalliberge gebaut wurde.

Für die Jainas Nordindiens gelten in ihren Siedlungsschwerpunkten, die vorwiegend in Gujarat und Rajasthan liegen, bestimmte Berge als heilig, da sie jeweils einem der Tirthankaras, das sind mythische Vorläufer des historischen Religionsgründers Mahavira, zugeordnet werden. Dabei werden Gruppen von vier Bergen als Abbilder der vier Kardinalpunkte zusammengefasst und stehen als Pilgerorte miteinander in Verbindung. Die Bedeutung Ranakpurs und der städtischen Tempel wird hergestellt, indem durch Abbildungen und Modelle, die in den Tempeln gezeigt werden, auf diese heiligen Bergorte hingewiesen wird.

Um das 2. Jahrhundert v. Chr. war Mathura das nordindische Zentrum des Jainismus. Vom 12. Jahrhundert war der Glauben in Gujarat vorherrschend, in geringerem Umfang auch in Rajasthan. Es war die Blütezeit des Jainatempels. Durch moslemische Eroberungen in den folgenden Jahrhunderten wurden in Nordwestindien viele Tempel zerstört und Neubauten waren nicht möglich. In abgelegenen Gebieten wie Ranakpur begann im 15. Jahrhundert eine Wiederbelebung des Tempelbaus, wobei die vorhergehenden Architekturformen kopiert wurden. Die Tempel von Ranakpur wurden durch eine Stiftung von Dharanashah, dem Finanzminister von Rana Kumbha (1433–1468) gegründet, einem Rajputen-Herrscher des regionalen Sisodia-Clans von Mewar (um Udaipur). Unter Rana Kumbha konnte sich, nach dem Niedergang des Sultanats von Delhi Ende des 14. Jahrhunderts, Mewar zu einem mächtigen Staat entfalten, zahlreiche Burgen und Tempel wurden gebaut, darunter der 1438 begonnene Chaumukha-Tempel von Ranakpur. Die Bauzeit betrug rund 60 Jahre bis zum Ende des Jahrhunderts.

Der Jainismus hat keine eigenständige Architektur entwickelt, die Bauform der Tempel entspricht den hinduistischen Bauten derselben Zeit, wurde aber den besonderen Bedürfnissen des Jaina-Rituals angepasst quick steak tenderizer.

Im Zentrum eines quadratischen Hofes liegt der Haupttempel, der Adinatha, dem ersten in der Reihe der 24 Tirthankaras, geweiht ist. Er hat die Form eines Chaumukha-Tempels („viergesichtig“), in dessen Zentrum ein Tirthankara-Standbild aufgestellt ist, das vier in die Himmelsrichtungen blickende Gesichter trägt. Nach den vier Seiten ist der dreigeschossige Zentralraum von offenen Säulenhallen (Rangamandapa) umgeben. Zentralraum und Vorhallen sind von einem Säulengang umgeben, mit 78 Nischen für Tirthankara-Standbilder. Die gesamte Tempelanlage misst außen 66 × 68 Meter, ohne die auf jeder Seite vorgebauten Aufgänge, und steht an einem leicht geneigten Hang auf einer Terrasse (Jagati), die zum Haupteingang an der Südseite einen hohen Sockel bildet. Die Portale sind dreistöckig als offene Balkone angelegt und über Treppen zugänglich. In den vier Ecken des Hofes stehen kleinere Tempel, die jeweils von 20 überkuppelten Pavillons umgeben sind und von insgesamt 420 Säulen getragen werden. Auf dem Achsenkreuz gelangt man nach Durchquerung des Portals in einen zentralen Pavillon, eine dreistöckige Tempelvorhalle (Rangamandapa), die gegenüberliegende Halle ist zweistöckig und von einer besonders weiten Kuppel mit elf Metern Durchmesser überdeckt. Aus der Ferne sind hohe Shikhara-Dachtürme zu sehen, die zwischen mit Mörtel überzogenen Rundkuppeln hervorragen. Die Kuppeln sind als Ringschichtendecken ausgebildet (eine Formangleichung an islamische Bauten) und erheben sich über einer achteckigen Lage aus Steinbalken, die den Übergang zu zwölf im Quadrat stehenden Säulen bilden. Die Dachformen aller Gebäude werden von insgesamt 1444 tragenden Säulen gestützt, die in ihrer verspielten Ornamentfülle alle unterschiedlich gestaltet sind. 24 Säulenhallen sind mit 80 Rundkuppeln überdeckt. Der gesamte Tempel ist aus cremefarbenem Marmor, wie die Säulen sind alle Wandflächen mit kleinteiligem Figurenschmuck überzogen. Zwar nicht in der Konzeption, dafür im Aufwand der Ausgestaltung übertrifft er alle anderen Jaintempel.

Adinatha, auch Rishabhanatha genannt, steht am Beginn der Menschheitsentwicklung und wird üblicherweise mit schulterlangem Haar dargestellt. Er gehört zusammen mit den letzten drei zu den am häufigsten verehrten Tirthankaras.

Der Parshvanatha-Tempel aus der Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts ist nach dem 23. Tirthankara, dem Vorläufer des Mahavira benannt. Der bereits als historisch angesehene Parshvanatha wurde 872 v. Chr. geboren und erreichte das ideale Lebensalter von 100 Jahren. Der Tempel hat den typisch nordindischen Dachaufbau (Shikhara) über dem Kultraum und eine davor angeordnete flache Säulenhalle. In der Cella befindet sich ein Standbild aus schwarzem Stein, über dessen Haupt als Charakteristikum für Parshvanatha eine mehrköpfige, schutzgewährende Kobra hinausragt. Alle Wände tragen denselben üppigen Figurenschmuck, wie überall gibt es grazile erotische Figuren; der Tempeleingang ist nach Norden gerichtet.

Daneben steht ein kleinerer Tempel für Neminatha, dem 22. Tirthankara. Sein Eingang liegt im Osten, ebenso der Eingang zum wenige Meter südlich gelegenen Surya-Narayana-Tempel, dessen Darstellung des Sonnengottes Surya in seinem von sieben Pferden gezogenen Wagen ist sehenswert. Das Mandapa wird von einer quadratischen Flachdecke auf 16 Säulen und einer anschließenden Kuppel gebildet.

Im Chaumukha-Tempel ist der Zentralraum zu den Vorhallen nach allen Seiten offen und hell. Es wird kein Gott verehrt, sondern vor einem der Tirthankaras, der als Vorbild angesehen wird, da er die erstrebte Vollkommenheit bereits erlangt hat meditiert. Dafür braucht es keinen Brahmanen wie im Hindutempel, der als Vermittler das Ritual vollzieht. Tirthankaras sind „befreite“ Heilige, deren tatsächlich vorgestellte Anwesenheit im Standbild dessen Fotografierverbot verständlich macht. In derselben Bauform gibt es zahlreiche weitere Tempel geringerer Größe, die jährlich im Oktober/November von Pilgern aufgesucht werden.

Im Gegensatz zur engen Kultkammer des Hindutempels dient die Offenheit des zentralen Kultraums im Chaumukha-Tempel der rituellen dreifachen Umschreitung des Bildnisses, was dem Glaubensgrundsatz der Drei Juwelen entspricht. Die zu vollziehenden Rituale geschehen im unmittelbaren Austausch mit den Kultobjekten, auch durch Berührung derselben, sind in ihrer Abfolge genau festgelegt, einfach durchzuführen, verfügen aber über einen komplizierten symbolischen Gehalt.

Adinatha-Tempel, Aufgang und Portikus

Ringschichtendecke aus vorkragenden Steinplatten über dem Meghanadamandapa. In der Mitte hängt der Lotusstein Padmashila herab.

Sich kreuzende Steinbalken auf Stützen tragen Flachdecke eines Mandapa. Skulptur des weißen Elefanten Airavata.

Surya-Tempel von Nordwesten.

Las Rakowiecki

Las Rakowiecki – niewielki kompleks leśny położony we wschodniej części Wrocławia.

Las położony jest pomiędzy osiedlami i rzekami:

Jest to las komunalny, tzn. w zarządzie Urzędu Miejskiego Wrocławia classic 50 fabric shaver. Powierzchnia lasu wynosi 22,45 ha (22,4 ha). Położony jest na prawym brzegu rzeki Oława, a na lewym brzegu rzeki Odry. Na drzewostan lasu składają się przede wszystkim klon, a jako gatunki domieszkowe występują: brzoza, topola, jesion, w podszyciu nieliczny: dziki bez, głóg, kalina koralowa.

Do lasu można dojść od południa z osiedla Wilczy Kąt, przez Kładkę Siedlecką. Od strony osiedla Rakowiec można dojechać ulicą Rakowiecką, a także dojść ulicą Okólą i Krzywą Groblą vintage retro football shirts. Na północ od kompleksu, wzdłuż granicy lasu, przebiega ulica Międzyrzecka.

W samym lesie, wzdłuż ścieżki prowadzącej od Kładki Siedleckiej do ulicy Międzyrzeckiej i dalej przystani ZHP (Przystań Rancho), można zobaczyć szereg zniszczonych pozostałości po fortyfikacjach i bunkrach niemieckich, głównie resztki stanowisk artylerii przeciwlotniczej z czasów II wojny światowej.