An indirect presidential election took place in Estonia in 2016. The first three rounds of the election took place in the Riigikogu on 29 August 2016 (first round) and 30 August 2016 (second and third rounds). Since no candidate received the supermajority of two thirds of members of the Riigikogu (68 votes) in three balloting rounds, an electoral college convened on 24 September consisting of Riigikogu’s members and representatives of Estonia’s local governments. The electoral collage voted twice, but no candidate managed to reach an absolute majority of 168 votes. Thus, the next round of the election returned to the Riigikogu on 3 October. The Riigikogu elected Estonian representative to the European Court of Auditors Kersti Kaljulaid as the next President of Estonia.
Incumbent President Toomas Hendrik Ilves, having served the maximum two terms, was not eligible to run for re-election.
Candidates could be nominated by one-fifth of the members of Riigikogu (21 MPs) black and hooped football socks.
On 30 May 2016, Social Democratic Party endorsed Eiki Nestor as the party’s candidate, but lacked MPs to officially support the bid. Same day the Pro Patria and Res Publica Union’s Parliamentary Group endorsed Allar Jõks. On 8 August, Jõks was also endorsed by the Estonian Free Party, after which he had enough backing for official candidacy.
On 11 June 2016, with 53% of the votes the Centre Party elected Mailis Reps as their presidential candidate, in preference to Edgar Savisaar thermos bottles for coffee.
On 12 June 2016, the Conservative People’s Party of Estonia decided to nominate Mart Helme for president. As none of the other parties supported Helme’s candidacy, he was left out of the election. Ambassador and former Minister of Defence Jaak Jõerüüt also prepared to run for president, but did not gain support from any party.
On 3 August 2016, the Reform Party nominated Siim Kallas as the party’s official candidate. Marina Kaljurand and Urmas Paet had also announced interest in running, although Kaljurand stated that she was interested in doing so only if the electoral college was convened. On 23 August, Reform Party and Social Democratic Party made a pact to support Nestor’s nomination and to vote for him in the first round of voting and, if this is unsuccessful, to support Kallas in the second and third rounds.
After the members of Riigikogu failed to elect the President, the electoral college was called to convene and the nomination procedure started over. Each candidate needed 21 members of the electoral college to nominate them. As Kallas and Reps were in the last voting round in the Riigikogu, they automatically qualified as candidates.
On 30 August 2016, the Reform Party decided to support Siim Kallas in the electoral college
Colombia 2016 Home GUTIERREZ 19 Jerseys
, whilst Marina Kaljurand was also interested in running. After the decision, Kaljurand announced that she would step down from her position as Minister of Foreign Affairs and would run for presidency without the support from the Reform Party. Her presidential bid was then supported by the Social Democratic Party.
Both the Free Party and Pro Patria and Res Publica Union decided to keep backing Allar Jõks in the electoral college and gathered enough signatures for nomination.
On 20 September, the chairman of Conservative People’s Party of Estonia Mart Helme announced that he had gathered enough signatures for nomination.
After the electoral college failed to elect the President, the election returned to the Parliament and the nomination procedure started over. After the results of the electoral college were announced, Jõks stated that he would not run again. Helme also announced that he won’t run again and argued that all other previous candidates should do the same, as “new candidates were needed”. Later also Kaljurand announced that she wouldn’t run again.
On 27 September, a “council of elders” of Riigikogu (consisting of the speaker, vice-speakers, and leaders of all party fractions) met in order to find a common candidate for all parties. They decided to propose Kersti Kaljulaid, the Estonian auditor in the European Court of Auditors. The proposal was received positively by the parliamentary parties, most of the MPs supporting Kaljulaid’s election. On 30 September 2016, Kaljulaid was officially nominated by 90 MPs. As there were not enough uncommited MPs left to nominate another candidate, Kaljulaid was be the sole candidate in the election.
Even though the president was not elected by popular vote, there were numerous public opinion polls studying candidates’ popularity.