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Batalla de Esfacteria

La batalla de Esfacteria en 425 a. C., durante la Guerra arquidámica (primera fase de la guerra del Peloponeso), representó la victoria de Atenas sobre Esparta. Es una etapa importante de la historia militar, dado que una tropa de infantería ligera venció a una falange de hoplitas.

La flota ateniense iba hacia la asediada Córcira, pero debió refugiarse en el golfo de Pilos tras una tempestad. El estratego Demóstenes mantuvo con él cinco trirremes atenienses, más dos que llegaron de su aliado Naupacto. Ante la amenaza sobre el territorio mesenio, el ejército espartano atacó Pilos sin éxito; después ocupó el islote de Esfacteria.

Durante ese tiempo, la flota ateniense logró liberar Córcira de la influencia espartana, y regresó para ayudar a Demóstenes. 420 hoplitas lacedemonios, la mitad de los cuales aproximadamente eran ciudadanos espartanos uniform creator football, se encontraron cercados en el islote.

Esparta y Atenas empezaron las negociaciones. Para obtener el derecho de aprovisionar a la tropa de Esfacteria, Esparta debía entregar 60 trirremes. El demagogo Cleón hizo encallar las negociaciones reclamando además los puertos de Megara y Trecén, así como Acaya. Los espartanos no aceptaron las condiciones atenienses y llegaron a abastecer a Esfacteria con la ayuda de nadadores.

Cleón, desafiado por sus conciudadanos para lograr la victoria, se unió a Demóstenes. Llevando con él un contingente de peltastas y de arqueros, Cleón se jactó de que lograría la victoria en veinte días.

Los atenienses desembarcaron antes del alba, arrollaron los puestos avanzados de los espartanos y progresaron en la isla. El grueso de las fuerzas espartanas avanzó hacia los atenienses how to tenderize steak.

Los hoplitas espartanos no podían entablar batalla contra los hoplitas atenienses por temor a que los peltastas enemigos atacaran sus flancos y su retaguardia how to use a meat tenderizer tool. Los peltastas, que no portaban ni armadura ni pesados escudos, esquivaban fácilmente la carga de los hoplitas espartanos. Estos eran hostigados sin descanso, bajo una lluvia de proyectiles de honda, de flechas y de jabalinas, todos estos proyectiles lanzados desde menos de 50 metros. Su comandante, Epitadas, fue muerto; su segundo, Estifón, fue herido.

Los espartanos se retiraron a su puesto avanzado, en un fuerte en ruinas. Un comandante mesenio​ condujo a sus tropas a lo largo de la arista de un acantilado y desembocó en la retaguardia de los espartanos. Cercados y agotados, los espartanos capitularon. 292 hoplitas fueron hechos prisioneros, de los cuales 120 eran ciudadanos. Los atenienses perdieron alrededor de 50 hombres.

Los acontecimientos de Esfacteria provocaron una gran conmoción en Grecia: ¡por primera vez, los espartanos preferían entregarse antes que morir! Una grave crisis sacudió la ciudad, desmoralizada, y condujo a la matanza de 20.000 hilotas. La presencia de un puesto ateniense en Pilos ponía en peligro el conjunto del territorio mesenio, inmovilizando así una guarnición lacedemonia en la región. Por fin, Atenas amenazó con matar a los prisioneros de Esfacteria si los espartanos no suspendían sus invasiones anuales del Ática glass water bottle australia.

Los ciudadanos espartanos que habían capitulado fueron desterrados de Esparta y expoliados todos sus bienes.

La batalla demostró de manera brillante el valor de las tropas ligeras, pues los espartanos fueron vencidos sin que las tropas de hoplitas entraran en combate.

El tiempo en que los lacedemonios estuvieron asediados en la isla, desde la batalla de Pilos hasta la librada en Esfacteria, fue de 72 días en total. La expedición había partido a comienzos de mayo y los combates en Pilos se habían iniciado hacia el 25-30 de mayo. La victoria final en Esfacteria tuvo lugar hacia el 10 de agosto de 425 a. C.

Kobbermølle

Byen Kobbermølle (tysk Kupfermühle) ligger ved Flensborg Fjord og den dansk-tyske grænse. Før 1920 hørte Kobbermølle til Bov Sogn. I dag høren byen til den tyske kommune Harreslev (Harrislee).

Kobbermølle var den første fabrik i det slesvigske område. Byen og fabrikken blev grundlagt af Christian 4. i 1612 ved Kruså. Ved hjælp af vandkraft forarbejdedes kobber, senere messing, til plader og rør til f.eks. den danske flåde og kobbertage, men også til brugsgenstande som spande, lysestager, pander osv junior goalkeeper gloves. Kobbermøllefabrikken oplevede sin blomstringstid i 1914 med over 200 arbejdere. Fabrikken gik konkurs i 1962.

I Kobbermølle findes stadigvæk de gamle fabriksbygninger samt arbejdernes boliger, de såkaldte nyboder, som tildels blev restaureret i begyndelsen af 1990’erne. I landsbyen findes Kobbermølle museum uniform creator football, der råder over en stor samling kobber- og messingprodukter fra Kobbermølle.

Mange indbyggere i Kobbermølle hører til det danske mindretal i Sydslesvig. Den danske skole, Kobbermølle Skole, findes i Flensborg-forstaden Sosti (Wassersleben) lige syd for Kobbermølle.

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PeoplesBank Park

Left Field: 300 feet (91 m)

Center Field: 405 feet (123 m)

Right Field: 326 feet (99 m)

PeoplesBank Park is a 5,200-seat baseball park in York, Pennsylvania that hosted its first regular season baseball game on June 16, 2007, as the tenants of the facility, the York Revolution, defeated the Newark Bears, 9–6. Located on Codorus Creek, the facility had been in the planning stages since 2003, but local politics and funding temporarily halted the plans. The city of York demolished 20 buildings in the Arch Street neighborhood in June 2006, with construction beginning in September 2006. Due to inclement weather, PeoplesBank Park opened one month later than originally planned. The naming rights were purchased by Sovereign Bank, a banking institution based in nearby Reading, for $2.7 million over ten years. The name was changed to “Santander Stadium” in October 2013 following the 2009 takeover of Sovereign Bank by Santander Bank. In December 2015, it was announced the park would be known as “PeoplesBank Park” under a new naming rights deal with locally owned PeoplesBank.

PeoplesBank Park was honored as the “Ballpark of the Year” by the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball following the end of its 2008 regular season. The award recognizes the efforts of the Revolution staff and groundskeepers, judging such criteria as field conditions, stadium operations, cleanliness, and atmosphere.

The city of York had been trying to pursue the construction of a baseball stadium for ten years. It seemed to be coming together in 2003, until politics and financial pressure prevented the ballpark from being built. Many Yorkers hoped to see a team fielded in the same inaugural season as the neighboring Lancaster Barnstormers, but that opportunity slipped away. The ballpark was originally slated to be located at Small Athletic Field, on York City School District property. The district board vetoed the stadium as they believed that their money could be better used for a more practical renovation plan for Small Athletic Field. Over the span of three years, ballpark planning weathered many inclines and declines until a hard-fought agreement was made to build in the Arch Street neighborhood. Other locations that were considered but never came to fruition were Hoffman Field, the home of the former York White Roses, and the Ohio Blender site.

PeoplesBank Park hosts the New Year’s Revolution, the city’s New Year’s Eve celebration in which a large White Rose is dropped to count down to the New Year. The event’s name alludes to a New Year’s resolution and the Revolution baseball team. The former venue for the White Rose drop was the city square.

PeoplesBank Park features the Brooks Robinson Plaza at the homeplate entrance of the ballpark best metal water bottle. The plaza features a statue of Brooks Robinson, along with information related to his 23-year career in professional baseball. In 1955, Robinson played with York’s previous team, the White Roses, and at the end of the season was signed by in the Baltimore Orioles. The ballpark itself resembles Oriole Park at Camden Yards, in tribute to Brooks Robinson and the Baltimore Orioles, the local Major League favorite. The dimensions are the same as those of the former Memorial Stadium, the Orioles’ previous home.

In addition to the Brooks Robinson Plaza, the official postal address of PeoplesBank Park was changed to 5 Brooks Robinson Way in the fall of 2007. The change was made to honor Robinson’s baseball career, which started in the city of York.

At 37 feet 8 inches (11.48 m), the left field wall of PeoplesBank Park is taller than any other fence in professional baseball, including the famous Green Monster at Fenway Park, home to the Boston Red Sox of Major League Baseball. The Green Monster measures at 37 feet 2 inches (11.33 m) high, but the Arch Nemesis in York stands 6 inches (15 cm) taller. The first home run over and the first base hit off of the wall came in York’s second game at the stadium on June 16, 2007.

The height of the left field wall was increased to help compensate for a small stadium site. Architects were challenged to fit a ballpark between Arch Street and a parallel railway line less than 600 feet (180 m) away and to provide a minimal amount of onsite parking (200 spaces) in the same plan. The best overall layout for the site placed the left field foul pole close to Arch Street and about 300 feet (91 m) from home plate, a condition that is known as a “Short Porch” and represents an easy home run opportunity for professional baseball players. Since moving the foul pole any further from home plate would require expanding the site by disrupting Arch Street (which was not an option), the planners increased the height of the left field fence to make home runs more challenging, given the short foul line. The name alludes to Arch Street and to the wall’s ability to act as a primary formidable opponent (or arch nemesis) against home-run attempts.

In addition to a modern, animated, full-color electronic scoreboard in right field, PeoplesBank Park features an old-fashioned, manually operated scoreboard at the base of the “Arch Nemesis” in left field. A manual scoreboard is another characteristic shared between York’s tall outfield wall and its counterpart in Boston, Massachusetts. Two additional monochromatic, non-animated electronic scoreboards on the façade of the skybox level how to tenderize meat quickly, one along the first base line and another along the third base line, display game status.

Additional attractions include the Mezzogiorno Picnic Pavilion, with a capacity for 600 fans, that features a menu with traditional ballpark fare as well as regional favorites bpa free 1 litre water bottle. Children at PeoplesBank Park can enjoy the Stauffer’s DownTown Playground, an amusement section that features a carousel, a jungle web, playground equipment, and various inflatables. The playground is hosted by the Revolution’s mascot, DownTown. The First Capital Credit Union Team Store, the York Revolution’s official souvenir and apparel vendor, remains open throughout the year at the home plate entrance of PeoplesBank Park.

PeoplesBank Park has multiple seating options. A lawn seating area provides room for 1,600 fans. Executives can reserve one of five function rooms that overlook the field, with a total capacity of 300. These rooms include the Keystone Room, the Pennsylvania State Room, the Tri-State Room, the Piedmont Room, and White Rose Hall. The name of each room refers to York’s geography: Keystone for Pennsylvania’s official nickname, “the Keystone State”; the Tri-State area including Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Delaware; the Piedmont plateau region; and York’s official nickname, “the White Rose City uniform creator football.” The conventional seating at the ballpark includes 5,200 green, chairback seats divided into two levels by an open, 360° concourse.

PeoplesBank Park features a miniature, fully functional cannon that is fired when one of the Revolution batters hits a home run or when the team scores a home victory. The cannon is operated by a mascot named Cannonball Charlie, who wears a costume resembling a period Continental Army uniform.

The first major concert at PeoplesBank Park featured the blues-rock band, Blues Traveler, on June 14, 2008. A couple of months later, the Christian rock band, Sevenglory, played a post-game concert for the Revolution’s Faith & Family Day, a celebration of York’s Christian community.

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